Surgery is one of two of the most common treatments for early-stage prostate cancer, with radiation being the other. The stage of a patient’s prostate cancer along with their general health will determine the type of surgery used to treat the cancer. The procedure involves completely removing the prostate to prevent the cancer from spreading.
Radical prostatectomy is
a procedure to remove the prostate gland and its surrounding tissue. It may be done through open surgery or through a procedure called laparoscopic surgery, which involves a series of small incisions. The main goal of each method is to completely remove all the cancer. This can sometimes involve severing a set of nerves that affect a man’s ability to have an erection. This can sometimes be prevented through the use of a nerve-sparring technique, which greatly reduces the chance of a man developing erectile dysfunction.
Using modern techniques, roughly 60% of men who undergo radical prostatectomy are able to have an erection and experience normal sexual function.
This surgery is the most common treatment for localized prostate cancer in the U.S., and the American Cancer Society estimates a 90% cure rate nationwide when the disease is confined to the prostate and the entire gland is removed.
What To Expect Following Surgery
Radical prostatectomy typically requires a hospital stay of 2 to 4 days. A flexible catheter tube is typically left in to drain urine for 1 to 3 weeks following surgery. Although the prostatectomy may involve removing all the cancer cells, regular follow-up exams will be necessary to prevent the cancer from returning.
Remember that there are no warning signs or symptoms for the early stages of prostate cancer. Early detection is vital to preventing the cancer from becoming malignant and spreading beyond the prostate. Your doctor will consider your age, general health and severity of your cancer when helping you determine the best course of treatment. Talk to your doctor about the different surgical options to treat and prevent prostate cancer.